Why are computer games addictive? First, note that some types of computer games are clearly more addictive than others.
Behavioral addiction The term behavioral addiction refers to a compulsion to engage in a natural reward — which is a behavior that is inherently rewarding i. Addiction vulnerability There are a number of genetic and environmental risk factors for developing an addiction that vary across the population.
For example, altered levels of a normal protein due to environmental factors could then change the structure or functioning of specific brain neurons during development. These altered brain neurons could change the susceptibility of an individual to an initial drug use experience.
One reason for this may be that the case is due to a focus of current research on common variants. These studies employ an unbiased approach to finding genetic associations with specific phenotypes and give equal weight to all regions of DNA, including those with no ostensible relationship to drug metabolism or response.
These studies rarely identify genes from proteins previously described via animal knockout models and candidate gene analysis. Instead, large percentages of genes involved in processes such as cell adhesion are commonly identified. This is not to say that previous findings, or the GWAS findings, are erroneous.
The important effects of endophenotypes are typically not capable of being captured by these methods. Furthermore, genes identified in GWAS for drug addiction may be involved either in adjusting brain behavior prior to drug experiences, subsequent to them, or both.
Twins have similar and sometimes identical genetics. Analyzing these genes in relation to genetics has helped geneticists understand how much of a role genes play in addiction.
Studies performed on twins found that rarely did only one twin have an addiction. In most cases where at least one twin suffered from an addiction, both did, and often to the same substance.
If one family member has a history of addiction, the chances of a relative or close family developing those same habits are much higher than one who has not been introduced to addiction at a young age. In72, overdose deaths happened in the U.
Over time, the child may adopt substance use as a coping mechanism, particularly during adolescence. Family conflict and home management is also a cause for one to become engaged in drug or alcohol use.
This consequentially grants the incentive—rewards systems a disproportionate amount of power in the behavioral decision-making process. Therefore, adolescents are increasingly likely to act on their impulses and engage in risky, potentially addicting behavior before considering the consequences.
As for alcohol abuse or dependence, the numbers start off high with those who first drank before they were 12 and then drop off after that. This percentage is even lower, at 2.Computer addiction is a new form of addiction in which the user cannot pull themselves away from computer activities.
Learn about computer addiction.
Student Counseling Center > Resources > Computer Addiction Some people develop bad habits with their computer use that may cause significant problems in their lives. The types of behavior and negative consequences are similar to those of known addictive disorders, so the term computer or Internet addiction has come into use.
Computer addiction: A disorder in which the individual turns to the Internet or plays computer games in an attempt to change moods, overcome anxiety, deal with depression, reduce isolation or loneliness, or distract themselves from overwhelming problems.
The elderly, as well as children and adolescents, are particularly vulnerable . Computer addiction: Computer addiction refers to the excessive amounts of time spent on the computer.
The preoccupation can cause problems with relationships and even with work performance. The time spent on the computer does not refer to work-related activities. More detailed information about the symptoms, causes, and treatments of .
This is because computer addiction is not outlined by the number of hours or days at a time that are spent on the computer but rather by the ways that the use of the computer affects other aspects of our daily lives.
Addiction is a disorder of the brain's reward system which arises through transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms and occurs over time from chronically high levels of exposure to an addictive stimulus (e.g., eating food, the use of cocaine, engagement in sexual activity, participation in high-thrill cultural activities such as gambling, etc.).