The ancestors of the Ciboney migrated from the mainland of South America, with the earliest sites dated to 5, BP. When Columbus arrived they were the dominant culture in Cuba, having an estimated population ofSpanish colonization and rule — Main article:
The ancestors of the Ciboney migrated from the mainland of South America, with the earliest sites dated to 5, BP. When Columbus arrived they were the dominant culture in Cuba, having an estimated population ofSpanish colonization and rule — Main article: Captaincy General of Cuba After first landing on an island then called GuanahaniBahamason 12 October Christopher Columbus commanded his three ships: Other towns soon followed, including San Cristobal de la Habanafounded inwhich later became the capital.
Gonzalo Perez de Angulo was appointed governor of Cuba. He arrived in Santiago, Cuba on 4 November and immediately declared the liberty of all natives. But what was most important was that the colony developed as an urbanized society that primarily supported the Spanish colonial empire.
By the midth century, its colonists held 50, slaves, compared to 60, in Barbados ;in Virginiaboth British colonies; andin French Saint-Dominguewhich had large-scale sugar cane plantations.
The British arrived on 6 June, and by August had Havana under siege. The British immediately opened up trade with their North American and Caribbean colonies, causing a rapid transformation of Cuban society.
They imported food, horses and other goods into the city, as well as thousands of slaves from West Africa to work on the underdeveloped sugar plantations. Pressure from London sugar merchants, fearing a decline in sugar prices, forced negotiations with the Spanish over colonial territories.
The treaty gave Britain Florida in exchange for Cuba. The French had recommended this to Spain, advising that declining to give up Florida could result in Spain instead losing Mexico and much of the South American mainland to the British. They were afraid because of the prospect that slaves might revolt in Cuba, too, and numerous prohibitions during the s on the sale of slaves in Cuba that had previously been slaves in French colonies underscored this anxiety.
The planters saw opportunity, however, because they thought that they could exploit the situation by transforming Cuba into the slave society and sugar-producing "pearl of the Antilles" that Haiti had been before the revolution.
In the Aponte Slave Rebellion took place but it was suppressed. Its economy was based on serving the empire. In addition, there was a high demand for slaves, and Virginia planters sold many in the internal domestic slave trade, who were shipped or taken overland to the Deep Southwhich had greatly expanded its cotton production.
Independence movements See also: On 27 Decemberhe issued a decree condemning slavery in theory but accepting it in practice and declaring free any slaves whose masters present them for military service.
Two thousand Cuban Chinese joined the rebels. Chinese had been imported as indentured laborers. A monument in Havana honours the Cuban Chinese who fell in the war. The aim of the party was to achieve Cuban independence from Spain. Brigadier General William Ludlow Cuba, AroundSpanish troops outnumbered the much smaller rebel army, which relied mostly on guerrilla and sabotage tactics.
The Spaniards began a campaign of suppression. General Valeriano Weylermilitary governor of Cuba, herded the rural population into what he called reconcentrados, described by international observers as "fortified towns".
These are often considered the prototype for 20th-century concentration camps. American and European protests against Spanish conduct on the island followed. The cause and responsibility for the sinking of the ship remained unclear after a board of inquiry.
Popular opinion in the U. Over the previous decades, five U. Under the Platt Amendmentthe U. Inthe Partido Independiente de Color attempted to establish a separate black republic in Oriente Province,  but was suppressed by General Monteagudo with considerable bloodshed. InGerardo Machado was elected president.
Constitution of A new constitution was adopted inwhich engineered radical progressive ideas, including the right to labour and health care. Several members of the Communist Party held office under his administration. In the background is advertising for a nearby casino.
After finishing his term in Batista lived in Florida, returning to Cuba to run for president in Facing certain electoral defeat, he led a military coup that preempted the election. He then aligned with the wealthiest landowners who owned the largest sugar plantationsand presided over a stagnating economy that widened the gap between rich and poor Cubans.
They were obtained in large measure "at the cost of the unemployed and the peasants", leading to disparities.Political Rights: 1 / 40 . A. Electoral Process: 0 / 12 The Castro brothers have long dominated Cuba’s one-party political system, in which the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC) controls all government offices and most civil institutions.
Bachelet’s dealings with the communist regime in Cuba has also drawn scrutiny. When she addressed the U.N. Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) annual sessions in , and , for example, she highlighted the Palestinian issue each time but few others specific to a particular country.
The mission of the Media Research. Cuba is an island country in the Caribbean initiativeblog.com country is made up of the big island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud island (Isle of Youth), and many smaller islands. Havana is the capital of Cuba.
It is the largest city. The second largest city is Santiago de initiativeblog.com Spanish, the capital is called "La Habana". Cuba is near the United States, Mexico, Haiti, Jamaica and the Bahamas. Khrushchev agreed on a deployment plan in May chiefly in response to NATO positioning their nuclear missiles in Turkey in , and by late July over sixty Soviet ships were en route to Cuba, some of them already carrying military material.
Officially, Cuba is a socialist country with the intent of becoming communist. Its laws allow for only one party to exist: the Cuban Communist Party. So, you could say that the country is ruled by a Communist ideology, though its government admits that it hasn't yet built an entirely Communist society.
Cuba became a communist state because Cuban leader Fidel Castro believed communism was the movement of the working class. Castro also established strong ties with the Soviet Union, and sharing its communist ideals ensured military and financial support from the Russians.