And the differences in Religion. Under Elizabeth I England became a Protestant country. Elizabeth was excommunicated by the Pope The fanatical Catholics in Spain saw a war and the conquest of England as a religious crusade. The escapades of the Elizabethan seamen, or pirates, included attacking Spanish vessels and taking any gold and silver.
Click here for Battle Ready Medieval Swords and Armors Longswords The Longsword is a type of European sword used during the late medieval period, approximately to with early and late use reaching into the 13th and 17th centuries, respectively.
Longswords have long cruciform hilts with grips over 10 to 15in length providing room for two hands. Straight double-edged blades are often over 1 m to 1. The longsword is commonly held in combat with both hands, though some may be used single-handed.
Longswords are used for hewing, slicing, and stabbing. The specific offensive purpose of an individual longsword is derived from its physical shape. All parts of the sword are used for offensive purposes, including the pommel and crossguard.
English Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts refer to the longsword as the two hand sword. The terms "hand-and-a-half sword", "greatsword", and "bastard sword" are used colloquially to refer to longswords in general. The longsword, with its longer grip and blade, appears to have become popular during the 14th century and remained in common use, as shown through period art and tale, from to The longsword was a powerful and versatile weapon.
For close personal infantry combat, however, the longsword was prized for its versatility and killing capability. Hand and a half swords were so called because they could be either a one or two handed sword.
While nearly every longsword is in some way different from one another, most contain a few essential parts. The blade of the sword forms the cutting portion of the weapon and is usually double-edged. Blades came in a variety of shapes and sizes. Broad and thin blades are more effective for cutting-oriented longswords while thick tapering blades are found on varieties more effective at thrusting.
However, all longswords were effective at cutting, slicing and thrusting and variations in form made only minor alterations in use. The hilt comprises the portion of the sword that is not the blade.
Like the blade, hilts evolved and changed over time in response to fashion and as the swords were designed for different specific purposes.
The blade of the medieval longsword is straight and predominantly double edged. The construction of the blade is relatively thin, with strength provided by careful blade geometry. Over time, the blades of longswords become slightly longer, thicker in cross-section, less wide, and considerably more pointed.
This design change is largely attributed to the use of plate armour as an effective defence, more or less nullifying the ability of a sword cut to break through the armour system. Instead of cutting, long swords were then used more to thrust against opponents in plate armour, requiring a more acute point and a more rigid blade.
However, the cutting capability of the longsword was never entirely removed, as in some later rapiers, but was supplanted in importance by thrusting capability. Blades differ considerably in cross-section, as well as in length and width. The two most basic forms of blade cross-section are the lenticular and diamond.
Lenticular blades are shaped like thin doubly convex lenses, providing adequate thickness for strength in the centre of the weapon while maintaining a thin enough edge geometry to allow a proper cutting edge to be ground.
The diamond shaped blade slopes directly up from the edges, without the curved elements of the lenticular blade. The central ridge produced by this angular geometry is known as a riser, the thickest portion of the blade that provides ample rigidity.
These basic designs are supplemented by additional forging techniques that incorporated slightly different variations of these cross-sections. The most common among these variations is the use of fullers and hollow-ground blades. While both of these elements concern themselves with the removal of material from the blade, they differ primarily in location and final result.
Fullers are grooves or channels that are removed from the blade, in longswords, usually running along the centre of the blade and originating at or slightly before the hilt. The removal of this material allows the smith to significantly lighten the weapon without compromising the strength to the same extent, much as in the engineering of steel I-beams.
Though colloquially called "blood-grooves", fullers were not designed, nor do they function, to allow blood to flow out of a wound more easily, nor to run off the sword. Fullers differ in number and thickness on swords, with some incredibly broad fullers spanning nearly the entire width of the weapon while smaller more numerous fullers are usually thinner.What was the Spanish Armada?
The Spanish Armada sailed from Spain in July The Spanish Armada's task was to overthrow protestant England lead by Queen Elizabeth initiativeblog.com Spanish Armada proved to be an expensive disaster for the Spanish but for the English it was a celebrated victory making Sir Francis Drake even more of a hero than .
Ten Facts on the Elizabethan Times Considered the golden age of English history, the Elizabethan era saw a flowering of British culture in many different areas. Spanning the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, this period saw unprecedented peace and prosperity in England, especially when contrasted with the times just before and after it. The war, which ended in , was arguably the most important war during the Elizabethan Era. Another war which was fought during the Elizabethan Era was the Desmond Rebellion. There were multiple wars within the Desmond Rebellion, all occurring over a 20 year time span (). Elizabethan era War History. Queen Elizabeth I reigned for 44 years and days. The time she ruled in was named the Elizabethan Age after her.
Elizabethan Era Weapons - Swords, Muskets During the reign of Elizabeth I, also referred to as the Virgin Queen, among other nicknames, England suffered from constant threat of war from the other superpowers of the time, Spain and France.
Weapons of the Elizabethan Era During the Elizabethan Era in England, weapons such as swords, bows, and arrows were commonly used for combat and leisure. For example, the musket was created in and was often used in wars.
During Elizabeth’s reign commerce flourished. London became one of Europe’s largest and greatest cities. The era produced unparalleled advances drama, and not surprisingly, the Elizabethan Era has become known as the age of Shakespeare in honor of its leading dramatist and poet.
During the Elizabethan Era, knights were the soldiers of European armies. These soldiers needed unique weapons to use in battle, weapons that could be used to pierce through another knight's armor.
The mace and the battle-axe were examples of such weapons. Transcript of Weapons in the Elizabethan Era WEAPONS ELIZABETHAN ERA At the time, England had been under a constant threat of war with Spain and France The reason for weapons Anyone who had enough money to have a weapon had owned one.