A reminder that students are expected to be in full summer uniform on the first day of Term Four. As a Sun Smart school, it is expected that students will also wear an Emmanuel Hat during recess and lunchtime. It is important that our Parents support our College Uniform expectations by. Thank you, God, for farmers!
His position was a peculiarly onerous one, his duties were most difficult, and the noble example of disinterestedness and self-sacrifice set by him on more than one occasion when actual starvation stared the colonists—free as well as bond—in the face, has never been surpassed by any ruler in ancient or modern times.
After the lapse of a hundred years one can hardly conceive the difficulties attendant upon official life in the days when Governor Phillip held absolute sway. The rough and rude material which he had to shape into order and decency would under favorable circumstances have tested the humanity and statesmanship of the kindest of mortals and the most skilful of generals; but it was under the most unfavorable conditions that Governor Phillip successfully carried the people placed under his charge through the initial stages of colonization and settlement.
The convicts at times gave great trouble, and had it not been for the strictness of the discipline enforced—although no approach was made to arbitrariness, much less official cruelty—it is more than probable that felony would have proved too much for the powers of militaryism, and lawlessness would have triumphed.
It is not every man who, in a similar position, would have used his powers so wisely—powers the equal of which have, perhaps, never been held or exercised by any other official in the British dominions.
Sign writing apprenticeship geelong weather Samuel Sidney well puts it: His subjects consisted of his subordinate officers—for, as captain-general, the commandant of the troops was under his orders,—of the few who resorted to New South Wales to trade, whose profits were at his disposal, and the convicts, outcasts without civil rights.
The distance from England, the few means of communication, the indifference of the English to the fate of the inhabitants of a penal colony, or of any colony, rendered the governor, so far as the control of law extended, actually irresponsible.
As there was no law, so there was no publicity and no public opinion to restrain the despotism which was the only possible government in such a penal colony. The work of cultivation was carried on by the Government as well as it was able on the public account, but the conditions of soil and labour were so unsuitable that the yield was not nearly sufficient at the best to provide for the wants of the inhabitants, whose numbers were ever increasing by the arrival of fresh ship-loads of convicts.
On two or three occasions the colony was put in the greatest straits through the failure of the crops and the absence of provisions. During the first year nothing was produced in the colony except a few vegetables, and the stock of provisions brought out from England was in danger of being exhausted before fresh supplies could be procured.
Everyone was put upon short allowance, and disaffection among the troops and the convicts speedily manifested itself. Some of the former entered into a conspiracy for plundering the public store, and succeeded in abstracting a quantity of provisions before the plot was discovered.
As a warning to others the chief conspirators, seven in number, were hanged by the Governor straight off. Starvation stared the people in the face, and, regardless of consequences, the convicts broke regulation bounds and strayed into the bush in search of herbs and roots.
The result was a natural one—scores of them were murdered by the blacks, and so many were being cut down in this way that an order was given for every one found beyond certain boundaries to receive one hundred and fifty lashes. If any of the unfortunates managed to get away from the aborigines only wounded they were sent to the hospital, and flogged as soon as they recovered.
In those days death was not always the worst fate that could befall a prisoner. During this trying period Governor Phillip lived on the same ration as was allowed to the meanest person under his charge, the weekly provision issued to everyone being simply two and a half pounds of flour, two pounds of rice, and two pounds of pork.
The humanity of the Governor is seen in the fact narrated by Collins that he gave up 3 cwt. When the people were on the very verge of despair and death, their eyes were gladdened by the sight of a provision ship sailing into the harbour, and bringinglbs. A few days afterwards four ships arrived bringing male and female convicts.
It can readily be imagined what would have happened had these transport ships discharged their living freight before the public larder had been replenished by the timely arrival of the vessel with provisions.
It is worthy of record that the first grant of land was made to a settler named Ruse inhe having declared that he was able to support himself without aid from the Government stores on a farm which he had occupied fifteen months, the grant of land having been made as a reward for his industry.
In December,there were 67 settlers holding under grant 3, acres, of which acres were under cultivation and another hundred cleared.
These free settlers—most of them convicts free by servitude or pardon—were supported entirely for eighteen months by the Government, assistance being rendered as soon as they went on the land. They were clothed, received their tools and primitive implements of husbandry, and grain for seed, from the Government stores, together with the use of as many convicts as they would undertake to clothe, feed, and employ; while huts were erected for them also at the public expense.
The Government also did a little farming on its own account, and the site of the present Botanical gardens was one of the first plots to be brought under cultivation. Among the first settlers were some of the marines who had formed the first garrison and whose places were filled by detachments of the corps raised expressly for service in the colony, afterwards called the nd Regiment.
Those who chose to stay had quantities of land granted to them in proportion to their rank, and several of those who availed themselves of the advantages offered became wealthy colonists in the course of a few years. The regulations under which land was granted to non-commissioned officers and privates on the expiry of their terms of service were as follows: To every private 80 acres if single and if married; and ten acres for each child at the time of granting the allotment—free of all taxes, quit-rents, and other acknowledgments for the term of five years; at the expiration of which term to be liable to an annual quit-rent of one shilling for every fifty acres.
The service of a certain number of convicts was to be assigned to them for their labour when they could make it appear that they could feed and clothe them. Of cattle and horses there were none for sale.Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.
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The Life of Captain Matthew Flinders R.N. by Ernest Scott PROFESSOR OF HISTORY IN THE UNIVERSITY OF MELBOURNE AUTHOR OF "TERRE NAPOLEON" AND "LIFE OF LAPEROUSE". ignatz Jerry Miller Andres Huicochea Kartways, you almost certainly just hear fun, Thank you for making the sincere effort to idp ilsaf13 embarrasing ยินดี.
Recollections. Hugh Lovatt. Selkirk, Scottish Borders: Hugh Lovatt wrote: 'The Skylark' "I was standing on the Promenade at Portobello, the day the Skylark broke free and smashed into it, .
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