King states that the goal of a nurse is to help individuals to maintain their health so they can function in their roles. This is also the basic assumption of the nursing process. It also represents a life situation in which a person enters the situation as an active participant. Each is changed in the process of these experiences.
Organization, Authority, Power, Status, Decision making The theory of goal attainment, which lies at the heart of King's theory of nursing, exists in the context of her conceptual framework. The essence of goal attainment theory is that the nurse and the patient work together to define and reach goals that they set together.
The patient and nurse each perceive, judge, and act, and together the patient and nurse react to each other and interact with each other. At the end I king theory this process of communication and perceiving, if a goal has been set a transaction is said to have occurred.
The nurse and patient also decide on a way to work toward the goal that has been decided upon, and put into action the plan that has been agreed upon. King believes that the main function of nursing is to increase or to restore the health of the patient, so then, transactions should occur to set goals related to the health of the patient.
After transactions have occurred and goals have been defined by the nurse and patient together, both parties work toward the stated goals.
This may involve interactions with other systems, such as other healthcare workers, the patient's family, or larger systems. After the transaction has occurred, and the goal has been set, King believes that it is important for good documentation to be practiced by the nurse. She believes that documenting the goal can help to streamline the process of goal attainment, making it easier for nurses to communicate with each other and other healthcare workers involved in the process.
It also helps to provide a way to determine if the goal is achieved. This assessment of whether or not the goal has been successfully achieved plays an important end stage in King's goal attainment theory.
Theoretical Framework Dynamic Interacting System The essence of Goal Attainment Theory is for the nurse to promote health by using initially the nurse's personal system.
It begins with self-awareness of all the components of his personal self. It is only after self awareness that the nurse will be effective in the assessment of the client.
The nurse then interacts with the client and begins communicating. Upon communicating, the interpersonal system will then exist, which is basically the overlap of the personal system of the nurse and the client.
It is imperative then that the nurse has a solid awareness of himself before communicating with the client so that the interpersonal system will be created in a sense that the nurse provides confidence to the care that he will be providing.
The Social System then builds up from the interaction that was created. It is where clear and distinct roles will be defined and the client will realize that he is a patient who, with his actions; permitted himself to be in an institution that has the same goal as what he wants.
The client wants to get well or be healthy that is why he is in a caring institution e.
It is then when transaction occurs; which is the process of purposeful, goal-directed interaction with the environment to achieve mutually acceptable goals. An year-old female patient came in the Emergency Room lying on a stretcher. She was brought to the hospital by her son because she was no longer responding to verbal stimulations.
She had a nasogastric tube because she is no longer capable of feeding orally. Upon assessment, we found out that she responded to pain stimulation. In the care of my elderly patient, I was very careful with the procedures that I executed especially with the invasive ones such as IV insertion, since elderly patients are very susceptible to infection.
Through this, I can prevent doing further harm to her.
I also interacted with the patient despite the fact that she is unconscious because I believe that by doing such, I acknowledge and respect the value of my client. Not only that, I allowed her significant others to be involved in the assessing, planning and execution of the plan of care for the patient.
After carefully assessing the status of my client, interacting with his son and formulating goals, I started deliberating on what nursing procedures are best for the patient while at the emergency room.
Then I promoted a safe and clean environment for the patient. I also allowed her son to participate in the planning and intervention so that she may feel loved and well taken cared of.
I then endorsed the care of my patient to the ward nurse. In her theory of goal attainment, she states that client goals are met through the transaction between nurse and client. The model can be applied to all settings.
King describes her model as a conceptual system and the goal of nursing as bringing a person closer to a healthy state King,King Theory of Nursing Definition. The King theory of nursing was developed by Imogene King and encompasses a conceptual framework of interacting systems (personal, interpersonal, and social systems), and a theory of goal attainment based on King's transaction process model.
Dragon king (DK) is a double metaphor for an event that is both extremely large in size or impact (a "king") and born of unique origins (a "dragon") relative to its peers (other events from the same system). Jul 16, · Imogene King’s Goal Attainment Theory in Application to the Primary Health Care setting Imogene King's model is a model of three interacting systems: personal, interpersonal, and social.
In her theory of goal attainment, she states that client goals are . King’s Conceptual System and Theory of Goal Attainment and Transactional Process Dynamic Interacting Systems King has interrelated the concepts of interaction, perception, communication, transaction, self, role, stress, growth and development, time, and space into a theory of goal attainment.
King’s conceptual system and Theory of Goal Attainment were “based on an overall assumption that the focus of nursing is human beings interacting with their environment, leading to a state of health for individuals, which is an ability to function in social roles.”.
SUMMARYImogene king has presented an open systems framework from which she derived a theory of goal initiativeblog.com framework consists of 3 systems-personal, interpersonal & initiativeblog.com major concepts of the theory are interaction, perception, communication, transaction, role, stress, growth & development, space & time.