Cognitive theory in health and social care

View more Social Cognitive Theory Social Cognitive Theory SCT describes the influence of individual experiences, the actions of others, and environmental factors on individual health behaviors. SCT provides opportunities for social support through instilling expectations, self-efficacy, and using observational learning and other reinforcements to achieve behavior change. Key components of the SCT related to individual behavior change include: The belief that an individual has control over and is able to execute a behavior.

Cognitive theory in health and social care

Behavioral, cognitive, humanist approaches

Selected Patient Education Resources Behavioral, cognitive, humanist approaches Behavioral learning theorists believe that learning has occurred when you can see changes in behavior. The behavioral learning model learning is the result of conditioning.

The basis of conditioning is that a reward following a desirable response acts as a reinforcer and increases the likelihood that the desirable response will be repeated. Reinforcement is the core of the behaviorist approach.

Continuous reinforcement in every instance of desirable behavior is useful when a behavior is being introduced.

Cognitive theory in health and social care

Once a desired behavior is established, intermittent reinforcement maintains the behavior. Behaviorist theory approaches are frequently used in weight loss, smoking cessation, assertiveness training, and anxiety-reduction programs. The importance of regularly and consistently rewarding desired behavior immediately and not rewarding undesirable behavior is crucial to the success of a behaviorist approach to learning.

Learning is broken down into small steps so that the person can be successful. The nurse provides reinforcement at each step of the process. Learning occurs through internal processing of information. From the cognitive viewpoint, how new information is presented is important.

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In the first, or cognitive phase of learning, the patient learns the overall picture of what the task is and the sequences involved.

In the second, or fixation learning phase, the learner begins to gain skill in performing the task. Whether a physical task is learned as a whole or part by part depends on its complexity. For example, learning how to take a blood pressure is a complex task.

The patient must learn how to physically manipulate the blood pressure manometer, learn how to hear blood pressure sounds, and understand the meaning of the sounds. Each of these tasks can be practiced as a separate activity, then combined.

In the last phase of learning, the automatic phase, the patient gains increasing confidence and competence in performing the task.

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Humanist learning theorists view learning as a function of the whole person and believe that learning cannot take place unless both the cognitive and affective domains are involved. For example, humanist theory is used to help post myocardial infarction patients regain a sense of personal control over their health care management.

It is possible to select elements of each theory that you find useful in patient teaching. All patients grow with success and do better when achievements are recognized and reinforced.

Respecting the whole person in a supportive environment can encourage learning. Learning is also fostered through structuring information appropriately and presenting it in meaningful segments with appropriate feedback.Social learning theory combines cognitive learning theory (which posits that learning is influenced by psychological factors) and behavioral learning theory (which assumes that learning is based.

Behavioral, cognitive, humanist approaches. For example, humanist theory is used to help post myocardial infarction patients regain a sense of personal control over their health care management. It is possible to select elements of each theory that you find useful in patient teaching.

Cognitive theory in health and social care

Cognitive learning theory includes several wellknown perspectives, such as gestalt, information processing, human development, social constructivism, and social cognition theory. More recently, attempts have been made to incorporate considerations related to emotions within cognitive theory.

Social Cognitive Theory Model - Rural Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Toolkit

Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory (SCT), is defined as a cognitively oriented learning theory that emphasizes observational learning in determining of behavior. Social cognitive theory in its totality specifies factors governing the acquisition of competencies that can profoundly affect physical and emotional well-being as well as the self-regulation of health habits.

Behaviorist Learning Theory Cognitive Learning Theory Social Learning Theory Psychodynamic Learning Theory crucial in health care—whether for patients and 56 Chapter 3: Applying Learning Theories to Healthcare Practice relative’s room, the visitor may smell offensive odors (UCS) and .

Health Communication | Social Cognitive Theory