They also are at higher risk for: Miscarriages Small-for-date or underweight babies Mental health As in other chronic diseases, people who have sickle cell disease may feel sad and frustrated at times. Sometimes they become depressed. People who have sickle cell disease may also have trouble coping with pain and fatigue, as well as with frequent medical visits and hospitalizations.
Jaundice is the most common symptom in newborns, rather than anemia, especially in first week of life. Overall, the most common findings in hereditary spherocytosis are anemia, jaundice, and an enlarged spleen. Cause Hereditary spherocytosis is caused by a genetic defect. If you have a family history of this disorder, your chances of developing it are higher than someone who does not.
Your doctor will ask you about the symptoms you have. Your doctor will perform a physical exam. They will check for an enlarged spleen, which is usually done by palpating different regions of your abdomen. A complete blood count test will check all your blood cell levels and the size of your red blood cells.
Other types of blood tests can also be useful. For example, viewing your blood under the microscope allows the doctor to see the shape of your cells, which can help them determine if you have the disorder.
Your doctor may also order tests that check your bilirubin levels. Complications Gallstones Gallstones are common in hereditary spherocytosis. Some research has shown that up to half of people with HS will develop gallstones by the time they are between 10 and 30 years old.
Gallstones are hard, pebble-like deposits that form inside your gallbladder. They range greatly in size and number.
When they obstruct the duct systems of the gallbladder, they can cause severe abdominal pain, jaundice, nausea, and vomiting. Enlarged spleen An enlarged spleen is also common in HS. A splenectomyor procedure to remove the spleen, can solve the symptoms of HS, but it can lead to other complications.
The spleen plays an important role in the immune system, so removing it can lead to increased risk of certain infections. To help decrease this risk, your doctor will likely give you certain immunizations including the Hib, pneumococcal, and meningococcal vaccines before removing your spleen.
Some research has looked at removing only part of the spleen to decrease the risk of infections. This may be especially useful in children. After your spleen is removed, your doctor will give you a prescription for preventive antibiotics that you take by mouth daily.
The antibiotics can help further lower your risk of infections. Treatment options There is no cure for HS, but it can be treated. The severity of your symptoms will determine which course of treatment you receive. In moderate or severe disease, removing the spleen can prevent common complications that result from hereditary spherocytosis.
Removing the spleen can also prevent gallstones. Not everyone with this condition needs to have their spleen removed.
Some mild cases can be treated without surgery. Your doctor might think less invasive measures are better suited for you. For example, surgery is not recommended for children who are younger than 5 years. Folic acid, a B vitamin, is usually recommended for everyone with HS.
It helps you make new red blood cells. A daily dose of oral folic acid is the main treatment option for young children and people with mild cases of HS.
You may need red blood cell transfusions if you have severe anemia. The doctor might use light therapy, also called phototherapy, for severe jaundice in infants.
Getting routine and recommended vaccinations are also important to prevent complications from infections. Infections can trigger the destruction of red blood cells in people with HS.
Long-term outlook Your doctor will develop a treatment plan for you based on the severity of your disease.An educational session on aplastic anemia held at the 8th Congress of the European Hematology Association covered garden- variety aplastic anemias, as well as the more specialized and rare forms of aplastic anemia, such as Fanconi's anemia and pure red cell aplasia.
Aplastic anemia has been successfully treated in modern practices with sibling-. ANEMIAS (IRON DEFICIENCY, PERNICIOUS, APLASTIC, HEMOLYTIC) Anemia is a symptom of an underlying condition, such as loss of blood components Scribd is . NCP Nursing Care Plans For Aplastic AnemiaNCP Nursing Care Plans For AplasticAnemia.
Aplastic, or hypoplastic, anemia is a bone marrowfailure tha Scribd is . Sickle cell disease is an inherited disease caused by defects, called mutations, in the beta globin gene that helps make hemoglobin.
Normally, hemoglobin in red blood cells takes up oxygen in the lungs and carries it through the arteries to all the cells in the tissues of the body.
Aplastic anemia is not a single disease, but a group of closely related disorders characterized by the failure of the bone marrow to produce all three types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Aplastic anemia is rare, affecting fewer than 1, people each year in the United States. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. Search Search.
Upload. Sign In. Join. Home. Saved. NCP Nursing Care Plans for Aplastic Anemia. Megaloblastic Anemia: A Case Study. Thalassemia Case Report. PSYCH Care Plan 3. ineffective tissue initiativeblog.com