Campaign[ edit ] While the election was a re-match of the electionit ushered in a new type of American politics, a two-party republic and acrimonious campaigning behind the scenes and through the press. On top of this, the election pitted the "larger than life" Adams and Jefferson, who were former close allies turned political enemies. Federalists spread rumours that the Democratic-Republicans were radicals who would ruin the country based on the Democratic-Republican support for the French Revolution.
Both parties were aware of the trend within three months before. During that time, many polls continued to fluctuate, showing candidates Bush and Gore ahead at different times, usually within the statistical margin of error.
Neither party, however, expected the outcome to be as close as it did. The outcome of the election was not known until five weeks after the election. While outcomes were close in quite a few states, New Mexico, Oregon, Wisconsin, Iowa and New Hampshire-- all within less than seven thousandthe one in question was Florida, a state that had enough electoral votes 25 to determine the election.
Election would become the first election since where there was a difference between the popular vote and the electoral vote-- Vice President Al Gore leading Governor George W.
Bush by a little overvotes while Governor George W. Furthermore, Florida was probably the most campaigned state by both candidates as polls there continued to show Gore with a slight lead but always within the margin of error. To make the certainty of the winner of Florida even more blurry, broadcast networks declared Al Gore the winner earlier in the evening, retracted, and then later declared Bush the winner as well as the winner of the Presidency before again, retracting.
The outcome first revealed that out of more than six million votes cast in Florida, Bush led by a slim margin of around votes. After a machine recount required by Florida law, the margin slipped to below Vice President Al Gore filed a protest and later a contest to the election through the Courts, asking for a hand recount in selected Florida counties that leaned Democratic.
The grounds for both the protest and contest was that these counties: Irregularites included the quality of the voting tabulation machines and also that certain types of ballots could possibly be misread by machines. While the media highly featured a particular ballot used in Palm Beach County that some voters claimed confused them to vote for a third party candidate, Pat Buchanan, when they intended to vote for Gore, the main type of ballot that was in question was the punch card ballot.
The punch card ballot is one where the voter uses a stylus to punch holes, marking their choices. At times the "chad," the piece of paper that is punched may be left hanging, or may still be so attached that only an indentation is left a "dimple".
Florida Secretary of State, Katherine Harris, insisting on a Florida statute deadline for certification of the voting tally and questioning whether counties can conduct a hand recount, continued to block efforts of counties conducting a hand count.
The Florida Supreme Court stepped in twice allowing recounts to commence, the second time around coming close to what a majority of the country wanted-- a hand recount of the entire state in Florida. Due to a looming deadline for Florida to name its electors within days December 12the Florida Supreme Court on December 8 ruled in a vote that only "undervotes" of all counties will be hand counted and then added to the total undervotes are ballots that machines could not read a presidential choice.
However the United States Supreme Court over-ruled the Florida Supreme Court, questioning the Constitutionality of counting only the undervotes and the lack of standards to determine the intent of the voter the "intent of the voter" was the only definition Florida Law gave in determining when a vote counts.
The lack of standards had enabled different counties to consider a vote using different methods, making equal treatment of the ballots fall into question, thus clashing with the Equal Protection Clause in the U.
On remedying the Constitutional problem, The U. Supreme Court ruled that the Florida Supreme Court had to come up with another solution on how hand counts should be conducted.Critics have long derided the Electoral College as a fusty relic of a bygone era, an unnecessary institution that one day might undermine democracy by electing a minority president.
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The popular depiction for the word Reactionary gives the definition - an extreme conservative; an opponent of progress or liberalism. A more in-depth amplification is once again found in Wikipedia.
“Reactionary (or reactionist) is a political epithet typically applied to extreme ideological. Election Essays: Over , Election Essays, Election Term Papers, Election Research Paper, Book Reports.
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