Social Movements Theories of Deviance Deviance is any behavior that violates social norms, and is usually of sufficient severity to warrant disapproval from the majority of society. The sociological discipline that deals with crime behavior that violates laws is criminology also known as criminal justice. People who engage in deviant behavior are referred to as deviants. The concept of deviance is complex because norms vary considerably across groups, times, and places.
As was mentioned in the culture chapter a Norm is a set of expected behaviors for a given role and social status. In most societies, the majority of people conform to the most important norms most of the time. For example, wearing casual clothes to class is normal on many campuses.
Attending class in your European Bikini might not be normal for some. Yet, I witnessed this back in as a student in the newly accredited West Georgia University.
Many of the female students wore Bikinis to classes. It was a striking departure from what I had experienced while in high school.
But, I wondered back then if swimsuits were in fact deviant given that so many students at WGU wore them to class. Deviance is not as easily defined and established as some might think especially if you are sensitive to cultural relativism and ethnocentrism.
Deviance is a violation of norms or rules of behavior that are typically outside of the norms see figure below. A typical dictionary definition of deviance sounds something like this: Most references attest to the nature of deviance as being something that violates normal behaviors, thoughts, or actions.
For Sociologists the answer is found by considering exactly who has the power and authority to define the behavior as being normal or deviant. Throughout the history of the United States governments, religions, education, media, and family types have influenced and shaped what is considered "normal" or "deviant" on subjects as insignificant as swimsuits on beaches and as significant as women having the same rights that men have.
You see, deviance is considered at both of C. A personal level example might be considered with the swimsuit on campus issue. Students back then did not need to look at university, governmental, or media for approval on how they dressed for class.
They typically considered a source much more valuable to teenagers and young adults—their peers. Friends who also wear swimsuits to class may have defined the swim suit issue as being normal among students who were their friends, yet deviant among students who run in different crowds.
Since they value their own peer evaluations the most they defer to peer-based norms. But, would it be acceptable to wear nothing at all to class? On Wikipedia there is an interesting article about Andrew Martinez who attended naked at Berkley for a few years.
Berkley is considered to be a very liberal campus in comparison to most US campuses. A controversy developed and eventually his nakedness came before the university leaders and the City of Berkley leaders he often walked about town naked. Martinez would often find himself being labeled "deviant" throughout the remainder of his life he died in jail May 18 from an apparent suicide.
Can Deviance Be Functional? Durkheim argued that deviance, especially extreme forms are functional in that they challenge and offend the established norms in the larger collective conscience. In other words extreme deviance pushes things enough to make members of society reconsider why they even consider some behaviors as being deviant.
Building on this idea, Functionalists often argue that:Introduction to Deviance, Crime, and Social Control. Social disorganization theory points to broad social factors as the cause of deviance. A person is not born a criminal, but becomes one over time, often based on factors in his or her social environment.
Feminist analysis focuses on the way gender inequality influences the. Moreover, both books not only explore the history, but they reflect on the ways in which the disciplines of criminology and criminal justice have studied, viewed, and treated crime and crime control in relation to the politics and/or ideology of race, ethnicity, class, and gender.
What’s the Big Deal about Deviance? As was mentioned in the culture chapter a Norm is a set of expected behaviors for a given role and social status. In most societies, the majority of people conform to the most important norms most of the time.
Gangs from Different Sociological Perspectives and theories. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd Émile Durkheim would explain that gangs and deviance is normal, and they are found in all societies.
because they are at a disadvantage. Feminists use both micro and macro scales of analysis. Their main focus is on patriarchy, which is. insight into the role that race, class gender and age play in the definition and control of deviance. This analysis has its root s in the early works of both Marx and Durkheim as well as the later.
Sex and Gender Sexism in Higher Education; Sexism in the Workplace; Deviance can be criminal or non‐criminal. The sociological discipline that deals with crime (behavior that violates laws) is For example, juvenile gangs provide an environment in which young people learn to become criminals.
These gangs define themselves as.